He holds everything together with his powerful word. 16:21, sustenance: in Ps. Go, for I am too old to have a husband. How this flies in the face of the modern teaching on self-sufficiency. He is His equal, as being the perfect representation of His essence.". 1 Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen.. His dignity is still further elaborated in the words which follow. 1:1-3 God spake to his ancient people at sundry times, through successive generations, and in divers manners, as he thought proper; sometimes by personal directions, sometimes by dreams, sometimes by visions, sometimes by Divine influences on the minds of the prophets. (iii) The creative action belongs to Jesus. gladdening Light, of his pure glory poured. This, surely, ought to make us sing the song of songs. Somehow and somewhere they saw a power that was carrying the world and each life on to a destined end. 'A Jesus Nut' - By Vernon C. Grounds - A Navy pilot was describing his complex helicopter to his parents one day. The fact that He accepted this title is evidence that Jesus acknowledged Himself to be the Messiah, the Son of God. The theological sense, person, is later than the apostolic age. Paul concurs that Jesus "is the image of the invisible God" (see note Col 1:15). (Col 1:17-note). It is the most comprehensive, and it contains the highest number of insights into the text. This term, as used by our Lord, and as understood by the Jews, not only signified divine relationship, but divine equality. Heb 7:27; 9:12; 13, 14, 16, 26, Jn 1:29; 1Jn 1:7; 3:5, Hebrews 4:14; 8:1; 10:12; 12:2; Ps 110:1; Mk 16:19; Lk 20:42;43 Acts 2:33; 7:56; Ro 8:34; Ep 1:20;21, 22, Col 3:1; 1Pe1:21; 3:22; Rev 3:21, Majesty 1 Chr 29:11; Job 37:22; Mic 5:4; 2Pe 1:16; Jude 1:25. The Lord Jesus holds all things together and in their proper relationship to each other by His own power. ', Right (1188) (dexios) as opposed to left and when giving or receiving, preference is given to right hand (Christ is God's literal "Right hand Man") and so the right-hand position is the place of honor. The author does not see Christ's work in sustaining creation as if He were an "Atlas-like" figure holding up the universe as a dead weight and otherwise doing nothing. Glory (1391) (doxa from dokeo = to think) means to give a proper opinion or estimate of something and thus the glory of God expresses all that He is in His Being and in His nature, character, power and acts. He is the One who can lift us above the degrading forces of evil in our world. Surely, if Christ upholds all things He can uphold me. Thus, he would have assurance. And as we consider the intimacy of that union, we are reminded of those familiar words, which tell us that though no man hath seen God at any time, yet he has been revealed in the Word made flesh. Selah." "); Ezek. Christ will fold up this world as a garment, not to be abused any longer, not to be used as it has been. 26:11, an outpost or garrison: in Deut. Beneath His watchful eye 2 This is what the ancients were commended for. Thus the author adroitly introduces the idea of the Son, Christ Jesus, as the High Priest Who effects purification of sins by offering up the Sacrifice of His body on the Cross as a payment for man's sin. Want to know what God does? Later it came to mean the impression itself, usually engraved, cut in, or stamped on in the form of a character, a letter, a mark or a sign. The opening chapter takes people into the heavenly realm of the angels. "Thou art worthy to receiveâ¦ honor. Hence the apostle passes to the glory of the person of Christ, who was able to execute such an office: He was the brightness of his Father's glory, and the express image of his person, Hebrews 1:3. âIn him all things are held togetherâ (Col 1:17), that is, continue to hold together. WHEN HE HAD MADE PURIFICATION OF SINS: poiesamenos (AMPMSN) katharismon tÃ´n hamartiÃ´n: through himself having made a cleansing of our sins (YLT), when He had by Himself purged our sins (KJV), having given Himself as an offering making clean from sins (BBE), The Son made people clean from their sins (ICB), effected in person the reconciliation between God and man (Phillips), He is the one who died to cleanse us and clear our record of all sin (TLB). He is at the powerful right hand of God. So too we see God the Father by seeing Jesus for they are one God. So itâs understandable why pilots in the Vietnam War gave that little part the name âJesus nut.â. —Better, having become. It was the custom of ancient kings in the East to place at their right hand the son whom they associated with themselves in the prerogatives of royalty. ), The writer of Hebrews obviously considers this teaching about the position of Christ Jesus our Great High Priest at the right hand of His Father as very important for he records this truth four times, at the beginning, in the middle and toward the end of his epistleâ¦, Hebrews 1:3 And He is the radiance of His glory and the exact representation of His nature, and upholds all things by the word of His power. But what a tribute to the worship paid in those early days to our Saviour, amidst gibes and taunts and persecution! (see note Hebrews 11:3). (see notes Ephesians 2:8; 2:9), MacDonald summarizes this section by noting that "In following the pathway of our Lord from creation to Calvary and then to glory, it seems we have quite lost sight of the prophets. It is not preceded by the definite article, which makes the term highly descriptive of character or nature. Ps 110:1 teaches the deity and the humanity of Messiah. In Heb. Angels shall gather all the saints together at the last day, when all whose hearts and hopes are set upon perishing treasures and fading glories, will be driven from Christ's presence into everlasting misery. And thus he was able to say, "He that bath seen me hath seen the Father." Godâs Word says it is so. The angels minister to them in opposing the malice and power of evil spirits, in protecting and keeping their bodies, instructing and comforting their souls, under Christ and the Holy Ghost. A human figure, with the head of an ass, is represented as fixed to the cross; while another figure, in a tunic, stands on one side, making a gesture which was the customary pagan expression of adoration. (Jn 1:18-note), Comment: The Greek word for explained is exegeomai [ek = out + hegÃ©omai = tell, lead forward] means that Jesus as the God Man leads out or provides detailed information in a systematic manner of the glory of the Father. The primary sense of hupostasis or substance is something which stands underneath; foundation, ground of hope or confidence, and so, assurance itself. by Ray C. Stedman. Jesus relates to God the way the rays of sunlight relate to the sun. SON. These two images complete each other. The Psalmist quotes God as saying "It is I Who have firmly set (the earth's) pillars. That energy is not simply a mindless force. ", Purification (2512)(katharismos from from katharizo = to cleanse and our English word catharsis which Webster's defines as purification or purgation that brings about spiritual renewal or release from tension) describes the process of making clean, cleansing, purifying, freeing from filth. Hebrews 11:3. Charakter conveys the idea of exact correspondence as when Jesus said that "He who has seen Me has seen the Father" (Jn 14:9), He who had seen Jesus had seen the Father because Jesus is the exact representation, the exact expression of the Father's attributes, nature, etc so that all that God is, Jesus is, and yet two distinct Persons of the Godhood. In LXX, it represents fifteen different words, and, in some cases, it is hard to understand its meaning, notably 1Sa 13:21. (see note 1 Peter 3:22), "been exalted to the right hand of God, and (had) received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, He has poured forth this which you both see and hear (the Spirit at Pentecost)" (Acts 2:33), Finally John offers this encouragement to all believers quoting Jesus Who is presently seated, "at the right hand of the majesty on high" promising that to Him "who overcomes, I will grant to him to sit down with Me on My throne, as I also overcame and sat down with My Father on His throne." âIf Messiah is Davidâs Son,â Jesus asked, âthen how could Messiah also be Davidâs Lord?â, There is only one answer to this question. I do. We have never seen the sun, but only its far-traveled ray, which left its surface some few minutes before. (see notes Hebrews 7:27; 9:25; 9:26). It is hupostasis, made up of stasis âto stand,â and hupo âunder,â thus âthat which stands under, a foundation.â Thus it speaks of the ground on which one builds a hope. I'll see you in heaven and we can share stories of this truth that transformed our "fiery furnace" of complaints and doubts into a "fragrant altar" for offering worship! God hasn't given Jesus something. Sin has made a great change in the world for the worse, and Christ will make a great change in it for the better. Ex 30:10 âAnd Aaron shall make atonement on its horns once a year (Yom Kippur); he shall make atonement on it with the blood of the sin offering of atonement (Lxx = "the blood of purification" = katharismos) once a year throughout your generations. 3 who is the refulgence of his glory,. Unlimited Power - Why don't the stars fall down?" Reprinted by permission. God spake to his ancient people at sundry times, through successive generations, and in divers manners, as he thought proper; sometimes by personal directions, sometimes by dreams, sometimes by visions, sometimes by Divine influences on the minds of the prophets. Choose a verse from 'Hebrews 1' to begin your 'Verse-by-Verse' study of God's Word using the more than 100 commentaries available on StudyLight.org God, who at various times and in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, has in these last days spoken to us by His Son,. In Mt 22:43, 44, 45 Christ specifically applies Psalm 110:1 to Himself claiming that He is not just the son of David but David's Lord. This is a study guide commentary, which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. Commentaries on Hebrews. For example in Luke we readâ¦, And they understood none of these things, and this saying (rhema) was hidden from them, and they did not comprehend the things that were said. And let us own and honour him as God; for if he had not been God, he had never done the Mediator's work, and had never worn the Mediator's crown. Not only does Jesus sit in the place of honor, but He occupies the place of safety. He âloved the church, and gave himself for herâ (Eph 5:25); He has redeemed His loved ones from among men, and He shall have all those whom He has purchased. He is also THE IMPRESS OF THE DIVINE NATURE. There they ask for naught, for they have all and abound; but throughout the cycles of glory the denizens of those bright worlds fill them with praise. But we may reverently accept the fact, so repeatedly emphasized, that Jesus is "the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father" (John i. i8). Thus it was necessary that the apostle should insist, not only on Christ's being the Creator of all things, and therefore of angels themselves, but as being the risen and exalted Messiah in human nature, to whom angels, authorities, and powers are made subject. "); Ps 139:15, the substance or material of the human frame: in 1Sa 13:23 ("and the garrison of the Philistines"); Ezek. Etymologically it is the sediment or foundation under a building (for instance). There exists not a being who is independent of the Mediator, save only the ever-blessed Father and the Spirit. But the ray is of the same constitution as the orb from which it comes; if you unravel its texture, you will learn something of the very nature of the sun; they live in perpetual and glorious unity. Part of the series – Letter to the Hebrews. Let a part of our private and public devotion be ever dedicated to the praise of Jesus; when we shall break forth into some hymn, or psalm, or spiritual song, singing and praising Christ with angels and archangels and all the hosts of the redeemed. Turn to Psalm 2. The gospel revelation is excellent above the former; in that it is a revelation which God has made by his Son. (Ps 93:4), The fact that Jesus has made full and final purification for our sins and is now seated at the right hand of the Father should make you strong, steadfast and unshakable against the terrible temptations that cause you to doubt that your sins, regardless of how seemingly mundane or atrociously heinous, can be completely and irrevocably forgiven. In summary, the radiance of His glory speaks of Jesus' oneness or identity with God the Father whereas the exact representation of His nature speaks of Jesus' distinctness and thus of the plurality of the Godhead. The Son made people clean from their sins. Previous – Hebrews 2:5-18. r Rhema is the same word that spoke all that did not exist into existenceâ¦. Nature (5287) (hupostasis [word study] from hupo = under + histemi = stand, referring to a foundation, ground on which something is built) is literally that which stands under anything (e.g., the foundation of a building). (Hebrews: An Anchor for the Soul), Vine adds that "this position was a ratification of the perfect fulfillment of all that He had accomplished in His expiatory (making atonement) sacrifice for sins." An illustration of this use of phero is found in the Septuagint (LXX) where Moses says, "I alone am not able to carry (phero) all this people, because it is too burdensome for me,â (Nu 11:14) (Comment: Here phero has in it the idea of the responsibility of the government and guidance of Israel). You shall find all this in the person of the God-man, Christ Jesus. In Exodus 33 Moses asks God "I pray Thee show me Thy glory (LXX = doxa)!" (1-3) And in his superiority to all the holy angels. And He put all things in subjection under His feet, and gave Him as head over all things to the church" (see notes Ephesians 1:20; 1:21; 1:22), at the right hand of God, having gone into heaven, after angels and authorities and powers had been subjected to Him." We are not, therefore, surprised to find the early Church applying it to Christ (Acts 4:25). (1998).Calvin's Commentaries: Hebrews (electronic ed. Hebrews 8:1 Now the main point in what has been said is this: we have such a High Priest, Who has taken His seat at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens. (Ex 40:34 see also Nu 14:10, 16:19 16:42). It is also a place of delight for the psalmist says. We see the fulfillment in Hebrews where the author says that, "the main point in what has been said is this: we have such a high priest, who has taken His seat at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens" (see notes Hebrews 8:1; Hebrews 10:12; Hebrews 12:2), Paul explains the significance of Jesus' present Kingly and Priestly position writing that God, raised Him from the dead, and seated Him at His right hand in the heavenly places, far above all rule and authority and power and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this age, but also in the one to come. (see note Hebrews 1:13), This Old Testament quotation in the preceding verse is from Ps110:1 which reads. Of the worship offered him in catacombs, or in their secret meetings, amongst dens and caves, paganism was necessarily ignorant. When he had accomplished purification from sins, At that moment I absolutely did not believe Jesus upholds all things by the word of His power! The Son seated at the right hand is never used of Christ's pre-existing state co-equal with the Father, but always of His exalted state as Son of man after His sufferings. He surpasses them in the glory of Divine Nature. Hebrews 3:1-6. As God, Messiah is Davidâs Lord but as man, He is Davidâs Son. He says that he was the charakter (5481) of God's very essence. KJV: Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high; Phillips: This Son, radiance of the glory of God, flawless expression of the nature of God, himself the upholding principle of all that is, effected in person the reconciliation between God and man and then took his seat at the right hand of the majesty on high (Phillips: Touchstone). Christ at the right hand of God signifies the eternal certainty of His reward. There is no time that the sun exists without the beams of radiance. And He said, "I Myself will make all My goodness pass before youâ¦ butâ¦ "You cannot see My face, for no man can see Me and live!" The Son is such a revelation of the Father that when we see Jesus, we see what God's real being is. The glory of His person and nature, gave to his sufferings such merit as was a full satisfaction to the honour of God, who suffered an infinite injury and affront by the sins of men. Is not this a great lack in our private devotions? (see note Romans 8:34). Because He upholds all things by the Word of His power. The high priest of old had not finished his work; the next year, another atoning sacrifice would be needed. (see note Revelation 3:21), And in one of the most incredible invitation every given, we as believers have been given the awesome invitation to, "draw near with confidence to the throne of grace, that we may receive mercy and may find grace to help in time of need." 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