This chapter focuses on the basic concepts of how a network works, including the way it sends information, the hardware used, and the common types of networks you might encounter. Types of Network Protocols and Their Uses - In this chapter, you can find a detailed description of various useful protocols and their types. A2: LAN(Local Area Network) PAN(Personal Area Network) MAN(Metropolitan Area Network) 13.5 Link-State Routing-Update Algorithm. Metropolitan Area Network (MAN) 3. Network Applications Computer systems and peripherals are connected to form a network. Network addressing architecture divides the address space for Internet Protocol Version 4 (IPv4) into five address classes. Second Edition Network Protocols Handbook TMelay WAN LAN CP/ IP MAN WLAN OIP Security VPN SAN VLAN IEEE IETF ISO ITU-T ANSI Cisco IBM The mesh topology has a unique network design in which each computer on the network connects to every other. Cable required is least compared to other network topology. Recommended Articles. Also, you will learn about the most common types of protocols used by the network models while communicating one system with another. Each class, coded in the first four bits of the address, defines either a different network size, i.e. Private networks are networks that belong to a single organization. A network consists of two or more computers that are linked in order to share resources (such as printers and CDs), exchange files, or allow electronic communications. Gateway Access is also known as Level-One connection. . . network card (NIC), encoded, transmitted over a physical medium (copper, fibre, air), received by an intermediate device (switch, router), analyzed, retransmitted over another medium, etc. number of hosts for unicast addresses (classes A, B, C), or multicast network (class D). Passive Hub :- These are the hubs which collect wiring from nodes and power supply from active hub. Cables fails then whole network fails. . These types of switches reduce network congestion or bottlenecks by distributing a package of data only to its intended recipient. Unmanaged Switch. Network Layer (Cont.) . Easy to expand joining two cables together. These types of networks are implemented based on the mathematical operations and a set of parameters required to determine the output. Learn different types of networks, concepts, architecture and design. There are mainly three types of computer networks based on their size: 1. Local area network is a group of computers connected with each other in a small places such as school, hospital, apartment etc. Output layer represents the output of the neural network. LAN's allow network managers to monitor users (like checking internet usage and passwords). Other Types of Network Cables . A1: A computer network is a group of computers linked to each other that enables the computer to communicate with another computer and share their resources, data, and applications. A network topology describes the configuration of a communication network and the physical and logical arrangement of the nodes that form it. It is the access to the Internet from a network, which is not on the Internet. The gateway allows the two different types of networks to “talk” to each other. . This tutorial explains the types of network cables used in computer networks in detail. LAN's are computer networks that are confined to small areas . . . The Network allows computers to connect and communicate with different computers via any medium. The RJ-45 connector is an eight-wire connector that is commonly used to connect computers to a local area network (LAN), particularly Ethernet LANs. A node is usually itself a computer (general or special) which runs specific network software. • Network topologies describe the ways in which the elements of a network are mapped. . To connect two or more computers or networking devices in a network, network cables are used. This is a guide to Types of Network. 3 Network IP Address Logical Address= 192.168.6.17 . . Types of Hub . View types-of-network.pdf from CS -102 at U.E.T Taxila. A switched communications network transfers data from source to destination through a series of network nodes. RJ-45 (Registered Jack) The acronym for Registered Jack-45 is RJ-45. . . • Common topologies: –Bus, ring, star, mesh and wireless Local Area Network (LAN) 1. We can use different types of topologies through LAN, these are Star, Ring, Bus, Tree etc. The computers on a network may be linked through cables, telephone lines, radio waves, satellites, or infrared light beams. The most common measurement uses ping for total round-trip-time (RTT). Here is a description of the different types of network topologies and their use. . . 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